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Posts Tagged ‘H1N1’

Swine (H1N1) Flu in Focus

Posted by venkatramseo on August 14, 2009

Swine-flu-focus

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India: 7 more Swine flu cases in Bangalore

Posted by venkatramseo on August 11, 2009

Total seven confirmed new swine flu cases, four patients are reported to be from Bangalore, including a 1-year old child. According to the health department, out of the total confirmed fresh cases, 53 patients have been discharged and as several as 38 patients are undergoing treatment. One of them is admitted at Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Chest Diseases (RGICD). Of the total 38 patients, 31 are from Bangalore, 5 from Mangalore and 2 are from Manipal.

Meanwhile hundreds of panic-stricken people sustained to flock RGICD on Monday for receiving them screened for H1N1.

More than 350 patients with symptoms of H1N1 flu were screened and nearly 64 swabs were collected.

Following a confirmed case of a student, with swine flu virus at Frank Anthony Public School, nearly four students of National Public School visited RGICD for screening. The students were in close contact with the H1N1 positive student at a quiz contest.

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Prevention, Precautions Tips for Swine Flu Infection

Posted by venkatramseo on August 10, 2009

What you need to know and how to protect yourself from infection.

Swine flu in the U.S.? If you’re worried about the flurry of news on pandemics, epidemics, and public health emergencies, here are some key facts provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to help you understand how swine flu is spread and what you can do to prevent infection. Current updates on the spread of swine flu are available at the CDC’s Swine Flu web site.


What is swine flu?

Swine flu is a respiratory disease normally found in pigs and caused by type A influenza viruses. While outbreaks of this type of flu are common in pigs, human cases of swine flu do happen. In the past, reports of human swine flu have been rare—approximately one infection every one to two years in the U.S. From December 2005 through February 2009, only 12 cases of human infection were documented.

How is it spread?

Humans with direct exposure to pigs are those most commonly infected with swine flu. Yet, human-to-human spread of swine flu viruses have been documented, however it’s not known how easily the spread occurs. Just as the common flu is passed along, swine flu is thought to be spread by coughing, sneezing, or touching something with the viruses on it.

If infected, a person may be able to infect another person one day before symptoms develop and up to seven or more days after becoming sick. Thus, a person is able to pass the flu on before they know they are sick. Those with swine flu should be considered potentially contagious as long as they are demonstrating symptoms and up to seven days longer from the onset of their illness. Children might be contagious for longer periods of time.


Can I catch swine flu from eating pork?

No. The CDC says that swine flu viruses are not transmitted by food. Properly cooking pork to an internal temperature of 160°F kills all bacteria and viruses.

What are the symptoms of swine flu?

Symptoms of swine flu are similar to those of a regular flu: fever and chills, sore throat, cough, headache, body aches, and fatigue. Diarrhea and vomiting can also be present. Without a specific lab test, it is impossible to know whether you may be suffering from swine flu or another flu strain.

What precautionary measures should I take?

The same everyday precautions that you take to prevent other contagious viruses should be used to protect yourself against swine flu. “The best current advice is for individuals to practice good hand hygiene. Periodic hand washing with soap and water, or the use of an alcohol-based hand sanitizer when hand washing is not possible, is a good preventive measure. Also, avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth, as germs can more easily gain entrance into your body through those areas,” suggests Dr. Rob Danoff. Covering your mouth with a disposable tissue when you cough and sneeze is also a good practice.

The CDC recommends avoiding contact with sick people and keeping your own good health in check with adequate sleep, exercise, and a nutritious diet.

What should you do if you think you are sick with swine flu?

Contact your health care professional, inform them of your symptoms, and ask whether you should be tested for swine flu. Be prepared to give details on how long you’ve been feeling ill and about any recent travels. Your health care provider will determine whether influenza testing or treatment is needed. If you feel sick, but are not sure what illness you may have, stay home until you have been diagnosed properly to avoid spreading any infection.

Watch for these symptoms in children. Seek emergency medical care if your child experiences any of the following warning signs:

* Fever with a rash
* Dehydration
* Fast breathing
* Bluish skin coloration
* Slow to wake or sluggish interaction
* Flu-like symptoms improve, but then return and cough worsens
* Severe irritability

For adults, emergency medical care is needed if you experience these warning signs:

* Difficulty breathing
* Dizziness
* Confusion
* Severe or persistent vomiting
* Pain/pressure in the chest or stomach

Remember that the symptoms for swine flu are almost identical to those you might experience with the regular flu. Only your doctor can give you the correct diagnosis.

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India: Coimbatore Two more cases suspected in Swine Flu

Posted by venkatramseo on August 10, 2009

2 more suspected cases of A (H1N1) swine flu have been reported from Coimbatore. A four-year-old boy was admitted to the quarantine ward at the Coimbatore Medical College Hospital on Sunday and a twenty four-year-old woman put on house quarantine at Gobichettipalayam in Erode district as they had flu-like symptoms.

The boy and his parents, who were living in the city, had been to Mumbai lately. They returned by train on August 6, 2009. The boy had fever since Sunday morning. The parents brought him to the paediatrics ward the similar evening. The doctors referred the case to the quarantine ward. Local Medical Officer P. Sivaprakasam said blood samples and nasopharyngeal swabs of the boy would be taken on Monday and sent to the King’s Institute at Guindy in Chennai for tests.

The 24-year-old lady works in Mumbai as a software engineer. A native of Gobichettipalayam in Erode, she arrived here on 8th August Saturday by a flight from Mumbai. On reaching home, she developed fever and other swine flu-like symptoms and came to the hospital on August 9th Sunday morning. Her blood samples and nasopharyngeal swabs were sent to King’s Institute. She was, however, permitted to be on house quarantine at Gobichettipalayam.

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Federal Guidelines for 2009 H1N1 Swine Flu in Schools Offer Many Options

Posted by venkatramseo on August 8, 2009

Federal guidelines offer state and local public health and school officials a range of options for responding to 2009 H1N1 swine flu influenza in schools, depending on how severe the flu may be in their communities. The guidance says officials should balance the risk of flu in their communities with the disruption, potential safety risks, and other consequences that school dismissals could cause in education and the wider community.

The guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was announced today at a joint news conference by Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, Education Secretary Arne Duncan, Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano, and CDC Director Thomas R. Frieden, M.D., M.P.H.

The school guidance is a part of a broader national framework to respond to novel H1N1 influenza, which includes encouraging people to be vaccinated against the virus and to take other actions to avoid infection. The CDC anticipates more illness after the school year starts, because flu typically is transmitted more easily in the fall and winter.

“We’re going to continue to do everything possible to keep our children – and all Americans – healthy and safe this fall,” Secretary Sebelius said. “But all Americans also have a part to play. The best way to prevent the spread of flu is vaccination. A seasonal flu vaccine is ready to go, and we should have one for the 2009 H1N1 flu by mid-October.”

“The federal government continues to coordinate closely with state and local governments, school districts and the private sector on H1N1 preparation as we head into the fall flu season — and the upcoming school year,” said Secretary Napolitano. “Readiness for H1N1 is a shared responsibility, and the guidance released today provides communities with the tools they need to protect the health of their students and teachers.”

For an outbreak similar in severity to the spring 2009 H1N1 infection, the guidelines recommend basic good hygiene, such as hand washing. In addition, students or staff members with flu-like illness (showing symptoms of flu) should stay home at least 24 hours after fever symptoms have ended.

“We can all work to keep our children healthy now by practicing prevention, close monitoring, and using common sense,” Secretary Duncan said. “We hope no schools have to close. But if they do, we need to make sure that children keep learning.”

The guidelines also recommend schools have plans in place to deal with possible infection. For instance, people with flu-like illness should be sent to a room away from other people until they can be sent home. Schools should have plans for continuing the education of students who are at home, through phone calls, homework packets, Internet lessons and other approaches. And schools should have contingency plans to fill important positions such as school nurses.

If H1N1 flu causes higher rates of severe illness, hospitalizations and deaths, school officials could add to or intensify their responses, the guidelines say. Under these conditions, the guidelines advise parents to check their children every morning for illness and keep the children home if they have a fever.

In addition, schools could begin actively screening students upon arrival and sending ill students home immediately. If one family member is ill, students should stay home for five days from the day the illness develops, the guidelines say.

Influenza can be unpredictable, so preparation and planning are key,” said Dr. Frieden. “We can’t stop the tide of flu, but we can reduce the number of people who become very ill by preparing well and acting effectively.”

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India: 22 new swine flu cases in last 24 hours

Posted by venkatramseo on August 6, 2009

New Delhi: 22 new fresh cases of A swine flu (H1N1) influenz a reported in the country in the last 24 hours, the total number has gone up to 596. The fresh cases were reported from Delhi, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Pune, Kolkata, Mangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai, Jamshedpur, Gurdaspur and Hoshiarpur.

H1N1-swine-flu The 5 Tamil flu cases in Delhi, four contracted the disease from persons who were affected earlier, while the 5th person had traveled abroad.

The 3 cases in Gurgaon, two are school children who came into contact with an influenced person, while the 3rd had returned from travel abroad.

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India: First Death Caused By the H1N1 Swine Flu Virus

Posted by venkatramseo on August 4, 2009

Mumbai: A fourteen-year-old Pune girl, who tested positive for H1N1 swine flu on July 31 2009, died on Monday evening.

This is being seen as the first death caused by the H1N1 flu virus in India.

Lung infection

However, Assistant Medical senior Officer of the Pune Municipal Corporation Dr. S.T. Pardeshi, told: “The girl previously had a lung infection because of which she had been admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of the city’s Jehangir Hospital. She was shortly detected with swine flu. I agree that people overseas have died of this infection. But Indians have superior immunity to it.”

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